Revised December 25, 2011

       

In Celebration of Psalm Nineteen:
God's handiwork in Creation

CONTENTS OF THE 19thpsalm.org Website:
General Contents


fractal


JUMP TO ALPHABETICAL SUBJECT INDEX


INDEX BY TYPE
Bible Referencs Link

Genesis 1:14 "Let them be for signs and for seasons…"

Genesis 1:2 darkness = absenc of light

Genesis 1:2 darkness, "face of the deep" "face of the waters."

Genesis 1:2 Formless and Empty

Genesis 1:2 formlessness = non-existence, emptiness

Genesis 1:2 waters = fluid shapelessness

Genesis 1:3 Day One "Let there be light" = Big Bang

Genesis 1:3 Day One "Separated light from darkness" = cosmic expansion

Genesis 1:3 Day One light = radiant energy (full spectrum)

Genesis 1:3-5 Day One = Big Bang and Immediate aftermath

Genesis 1:6-8 The Second Day - Creation of the Cosmos, Solar System and Earth.

Who, though he was in the form of God

Firmamentum (Latin Vulgate) = firmament Ps. 19:1

Raqiya (Hebrew) = Spread Out Ps. 19:1

Stereoma (Greek) = Something firm = firmament Ps. 19:1

"Its voice is not heard" Ps. 19:3

"Their line goes out" Ps. 19:4
--Box Sidebars-- Link

Psalm Nineteen, Verses One to Four

Quarks

Silent Speech

Simplest Life on Earth is Vastly Complex:

Solar Heating: How Did the Earth's Temperature Stay Steady?

Stable Elements -- Isotopes of He, C, O

Stars as Timekeepers: First and Prototype Instance of God's Silent Speech

Stresses of Colonizing Land

Surprising Instances of the Silent Speech in the Scientific Age

Symmetry in the Universe

The Kinesin and Dynein Transport Molecules: Molecular motors

Timescale - Creation of the Elements in Stars

Trilobites

Type II Supernova Physics

What the Silent Speech Tells Us

Why bacteria and not archaea?

Why does animal life require oxygen?
--Box Sidebars--
WORKING
TODO

Animal Body Systems

Eukaryotic Error Correction and Repair

Eukaryotic Signalling and Cell Regulation

Flowers

How do Mitochondria work?

Introns and "Junk DNA"

Leaves

MADS-box family of transcription factors in flower development

Mechanics of Sap Flow

Roots

Seeds

Stomata

Xylem_and_Phloem
--Connections-- Link

Creation Account in Genesis

Creation Day Three: Dry Land and Land Plants

Creation of Darkness

Creation of Light

Genesis 1:14 "Let them be for signs and for seasons…"

Genesis 1:6-8 The Second Day - Creation of the Cosmos, Solar System and Earth.

In the Beginning - The Creation of Space and Time

The Separation of Light From Darkness (Genesis 1:4)
--Figures-- Link

Acorn Worm - Hemicord (A-33) (Lower Cambrian)

Akkadian Glyph Mul = Star

Akkadian Glyph Mul Mul = Star of Stars = Pleiades

Animals - Gametic Meiosis

Annelid - Segmented Worm? (A-22) (Ediacaran)

Archaeopteris (Devonian)

Asterophyllites (Devonian)

ATP Synthase Motor Molecule

Bacterial Shapes

Bacterial Size

Bacterial size

Banded Iron Formation

Baragwanathia - lycopod, mid-Silurian

Basic Reactions in Carbon Burning

Bee in Amber (mid-Cretaceous 100 Ma) Oldest Fossil Bee

Betelgeuse

Boyle Proposition I, Postulating Atoms

Brachyopod (A-30) (Middle Cambrian)

Bryozoan (A-29) (Ordovician)

Calamites (Devonian)

Calamites (horse-tail) (Carboniferous)

Cambrian Crustacean (A-21)

Cambrian Sponge (A-3) Middle Cambrian

Carbonaceous meganeurid dragonfly (Sub-Class Paleoptera)

Carboniferous Era Seeds

Carboniferous foilage

Carboniferous Scene

Chamber of Bulls (Lascaux Cave)

Chlorophyll "Antenna"

Chromosome Mitosis

Chromosome Mitosis

Ciliate (Eukaryote) shapes

Coccoliths Pr-25 (Triassic, ca. 250 Ma) "Golden brown algae"

Comb Jellies (A-5) Funisia (Ediacaran - 600 Ma)

Conodont Apparatus Middle Ordovician

Conodont Elements

Conodont Fossil (Carboniferous)

Conodont Reconstruction

Constellations: Earliest Depiction in Lascaux Cave

Cooksonia (Upper Silurian 416 Ma)

Copernican Solar System

Coral (A-4) (Mid-Cambrian)

Coral Daily Growth Lines

Cordaites (Devonian)

Cordaites (Devonian)

Cordaites (gymnosperm: seeds up to 1 cm. are common) (Carboniferous)

Cosmic Background Radiation

Cosmic Background Radiation Map

Cosmic Inflation

Cosmic Inflation (10-36 to 10-32 s)

Cosmic Web Simulation

Crab Nebula

Cumulative production of Oxygen with time

cyanobacteria - Anabaena

cyanobacteria heterocysts and akinetes

Cyanobacteria: Anabaena

Dadoxylon (Devonian)

Deep Field View of Nebulas in Orion constellation

Deuterium Bottleneck (1-100 s)

Development of Early Land Plants

Devonian Scene

Diatoms Pr-18 (Lower Cretaceous 144 Ma)

Diffusion

Diffusion

Dinoflagellates - Pr-5 "From base of Cambrian"

Dividing Light from Darkness -- Michaelangelo, Sistine Chapel

DNA double helix backbone

DNA in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes

DNA structure

Dragonflies (Carboniferous, not Devonian)

Early earth landscape

Earthscape (3.9Ba)

Echinoderms (A-34) (Middle Cambrian)

Ecliptic

Element Spectrum (Solar Absorption and Emission Spectra)

Eukaryote - paramecium

Eukaryotes: Chromosome

Eukaryotes: Cytoskeleton

Eukaryotes: Membrane Structures

Eukaryotes: Mitosis

Evo-Devo: Forelimb homology

Evo-Devo: Homologies to the Hand

Expansion of the Universe after the Big Bang

Extinctions in the Fossil Record (Table)

First Appearances of Major Plant Groups

Foraminifera Cambrian Era (455 Ma)

Fossils Characteristic of the Geologic Ages (Table)

Functions of the cytoskeleton

Fundamental Forces: Gravity, Weak Force, Electromagnetic, Strong Force

Gene Transcription

Genopme Sizes

Geologic Clock

Geologic Periods of the first Plants and Animals

Geologixal plant history

Grand Design spiral galaxy M81

Gravitational Lensing Calculation of minimum distance to Quasar Q0957+561

Green Algae Pr-32 (Middle Cambrian)

Haikouichthys (Possible A-37 Craniata) Lower Cambrian

Hebrew Cosmology

Hertzsprung-Russell (H-R) diagram (1910)

Horizontal Gene Transfer - Conjugation

Horsehead Nebula

Horseshoe Crab (Chelicerata, A-20) (Ordovician - 445 Ma)

Hox Gene Mapping

Hox Genes: Commonality and direction of transcription (Table)

Human Hox Genes (Table)

Hydrogen Burning

Kinesin motor molecule

Layered earth

Leaf Fractal Algorithm

Leaf Venation Algorithm

Lepidodendron (Devonian)

Lepidodendron (quillwort) (Carboniferous)

Lithium Barrier (Atomic Number 5 and 8)

Lobopod (Velvet Worm) (A-28) (Lower Cambrian)

Lunar Albedo, near and farside

Mantle Convection Currents

Marcellus Shale (Devonian) Vertical Cross-section Ohio to Pennsylvania

Medusa (A-4) (Mid-Cambrian)

Megalopteris (Devonian)

Meiosis Overview

Mollusc (A-26) Cambrian

Moon and Earth Shadow During an Eclipse

Moon Formation (Artist illustration)

Moonscape - Crater 302

Motor Molecule: ATP synthase

Natural Nitrogen Cycle

Nearby Stars

Nebulas in Orion constellation

Nematocyst Cocked

Nematocyst Life Cycle

Nenatodes (A-11 and A-12) horsehair work (Lower Cambrian 535 Ma)

Nitrogenase motor molecule

Nucleosynthesis at the Core of a Mature Star

Nut (Egyptian Sky Goddess)

Odontopteris (fern) (Carboniferous)

Orion Constellation

Orion Constellation

Orion Nebula (M42) in Orion's Sword (Star Nursery) 1300 ly

Pecopteris (seed fern) (Carboniferous)

Periodic Table (Mendeleev, 1869) Table of 63 elements

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis - Overview

Pikaia (A-36 Cephalachordata) (Cambrian Burgess Shales)

Pl-1 Bryophyta Devonian (370 Ma)

Pl-1 Fossil Moss in Dominican Amber

Pl-10 Coniferophyta -- Conifers Mid Triassic (225 Ma)

Pl-11 Gnetophyta. Gnetopyte with cones and leaves (Lower Cretaceous 140 Ma)

Pl-12 Anthophyta - Eudicot - Leefructus Flowering Plant (Cretaceous 127 Ma)

Pl-12 Anthophyta Earliest Flowering Plant (Upper Jurassic 145 Ma)

Pl-4 Lycophyta. Lycopods -- club moss Pennsylvanian

Pl-4 Lycophyta. Lycopods -- club mosses Mid Silurian

Pl-6 Sphenophyta Horsetails Carboniferous

Pl-7 Filicinophyta -- true fern Pecopteris Pennsylvanian 300 Ma

Pl-7x Seed Ferns (Extinct) Carboniferous

Pl-8 Cycadophyta -- Cycads - Ca 60 Ma

Pl-9 Ginkgophyta -- Ginkgo tree Leaves (Cretatious and Jurassic)

Pl-9 Ginkgophyta -- Ginkgo tree Lower Jurassic (180 Ma)

Plant Diversity Tree

Plant Fossil Evidence (Table)

Plant Fossil First Appearances

Plant Innovations (Table)

Plant Innovations Ordovician to Carboniferous (Table)

Plant Kingdom Phyla

Plants - Zygotic/Sporic Meiosis

Platyphyllum (Archaeopteris)

Pleiades in Lascaux Cave

Present Day Tectonic Plates and Active Volcanic Zones

Priapulid worm (modern)

Primordial Element Cration

Process Diagram from BBHF

Proper Cell

Protein Folding

Protein Folding

Protoplanetary Disk

Psilophyton (Devonian)

Ptolemy -- Epicycles

Quark components

Radioactive Heating

Radiolaria Pr-31 (Lower Cambrian 545 Ma)

Reconstructed Milky Way

Red Algae Pr-33 (Pre-Cambrian possibly 1,250 Ma)

Rhynie Chert

Rhynie Chert - Sperm Cells Ejecting (Archegonium)

Rhynie Chert - Spore Tetrads

Ribosome Small Unit - Bacteria, Archaea and Eukaryotes

Ribosome Synthesis

RNA Codon Table

RuBisCO molecule

Sigillaria (club moss) (Carboniferous)

Sigillaria (Devonian)

Sigillaria height to 100 ft. (Devonian)

Sketch of earliest fossil (3.465 Ba)

Slime Mold Life Cycle

Solar Luminosity

Solar System Inner Planets

Spicules (Sponge) Cambrian

Sponge (A-3) archeocyathid (Lower Cambrian Index fossil)

Spores - Middle Devonian

Stigmaria (roots) (Carboniferous)

Stromatolytes

Stromatolytes at Hamelin Bond, Western Australia

Subduction

Sun: Lifecycle

Table of Elements (1808)

Tardigrade (A-27) (Cambrian 530 Ma)

Timescale - Creation of the Elements in Stars

Tree Branching algorithm

Trichophycus fossil burrows

Trilobite (Extinct Phylum) (Early Cambrian)

Trilobite (Mid-Cambrian. Paradoxides, length 10"

Trilobite Anatomy

Trilobites Early Cambrian Fossil

Trilogite Anatomy

Triple Alpha Process

Tunicate (A-35) ):Lower Cambrian)

Typical Eukaryotic Cell

Typical Eukaryotic Cell

Typical Mitochondrion

Wavelength and light resolution

Whirlpool Galaxy

World Land Maps -- Cambrian

Pl-2 Hepatophyta - Liverworts mid-devonian

Pl-3 Anthocerophyta. Hornworts

Devonian Plant Roots
--Link-- Link

Accuracy of Positional Measurements recorded in Star Catalogs

Astronomy in the Age of Science

Babylonian Zodiac

SEDS
--Note-- Link

Dragonflies mis-placed in Devonian

Liverwort Gas Exchange

Kerp, Hans, A History of the Palaeozoic Forests
--Quotation-- Link

"The ATP synthase enzymes have been remarkably conserved through evolution…"

Agassiz, "the plan of the whole creation had been maturely considered long before it was executed"

B&T "Many a philosopher has argued against the ultimate importance of life in the Universe … But the Big Bang cosmological picture shows this up as too simplistic"

B&T, "For there to be enough time to construct the constituents of living beings, the Universe must be at least ten billion years old…"

Boyle (1661) "I mean by elements … certain primitive and simple, or perfectly unmingled bodies…"

Boyle (1661) Proposition I, "…Universal matter … actually divided into Little particles of several sizes and shapes."

Brachiopod Lingula "among the oldest known animal genus that has extant species"

Brightness of the heavenly bodies - Quote of St. Augustine

Broecker, "Without O2 life was doomed to remain quite simple…"

Buckland, "...it is not always by a regular gradation from lower to higher degrees of organization, that the progress of life has advanced"

Buckland, ""[regarding fossil fish] a kind of retrograde development, from complex to simple forms, may be said to have taken place."

Buckland, "We are almost lost in astonishment, at the microscopic attention that has been paid to the welfare of creatures, holding so low a place among the inhabitants of the ancient deep"

Cellulose Creation "One of the great enigmas in plant biology is the biosynthesis of cellulose."

Cellulose is … synthesised by a very large membrane bound complex that acts as a molecular nanomachine….

Christians talking nonsense about science - Quote of St. Augustine

Compte, Auguste “On the subject of stars, all investigations which are not ultimately reducible to simple visual observations are … necessarily denied to us."

Comte "On the subject of stars…"

Creation - Instantaneous (St. Augustine quotes)

Cuvier, Baron Georges "It is to fossils alone that must be attributed the birth of the theory of the earth"

Dana "The Lower Cambrian species have not the simplicity of structure that would naturally be looked for in the earliest Paleozoic life. They are perfect of their kind and highly specialized structures."

Dana, "... each [Insect tribe] was derived from some early comprehensive forms."

Dana, James "The Animal kingdom, one in system from the beginning."

Daniel Isaac Axelrod (1910-1998) suggested that we do not find early angiosperm fossils because the earliest angiosperms lived in dry, upland habitats where they were unlikely to be preserved as fossils. Though this idea has long been accepted, it has not been well investigated and so remains to be tested. UCMP Berkeley.

Darwin "An organic being is a microcosm…"

Darwin "It is mere rubbish thinking at present of the origin of life…"

Darwin, "An organic being is a microcosm, a little universe formed of a host of self propagating organisms inconceivably minute…."

Dawson on Sigillaria: "A lumber-man would probably regard it as a tree nearly all bark

Dyson, Freeman, Disturbing the Universe(1979) "The Universe in some sense must have known we were coming."

Einstein "The Lord God is subtle but he is not malicious."

Einstein "The most incomprehensible thing"

Evo-Devo, Carroll: "Not a single biologist ever anticipated that the same genes that control the making of an insect's body and organs also control the making of our bodies."

Evolution: Reductive

Fred Hoyle "A common sense interpretation of the facts suggests that a super intellect has monkeyed with physics, as well as with chemistry and biology…"

Fred Hoyle "the oddest array of apparently random quirks you could possibly imagine. …"

Geikie, Sir Archibald, "But it may be questioned how far the recent limitation of time proposed from physical considerations are really founded on well-established facts."

Goodale, "Protoplasm is no longer regarded by any one in any sense as a comparatively simple substance."

Grenier (1997), "No new Hox genes were equired to catalyze the arthropod radiation

Haeckel, "… the general explanation of life is now no more difficult to us than the explanation of the physical properties of inorganic bodies."

Haselkorn, "the majority of photosynthetic genes must have first appeared in the cyanobacterial lineage."

Henderson, "…For aught we know.. [stars] … may be the birthplace of elements…."

Henderson, "The chemist puts his mind at rest…"

Hitchcock, "...this fish of the oldest rock was not, as the development scheme would require, of a low organization, but quite high on the scale of fishes."

Hitchcock, "molluscs as to their classes have certainly retrograded from the compound to the simple"

Hitchcock, "Thirteenth Law.--Many of the fossil animals had a combination of characters which among living animals are found only in several different types or classes. Agassiz very appropriately calls such types Prophetic Types. For they form the pattern of animals that were to appear afterward."

Hoyle "common sense interpretation of the facts … no blind forces worth speaking about in nature."

Hoyle, Fred "...number of ways in which even a single enzyme could be wrongly constructed…"

Hugo von Mohl, "[protoplasm is the] visible but apparently structureless forms of cells."

Huxley, Thomas "Of all the perennial miracles [Nature] offers"

"The insect wing is not just a membrane that juts of the insect’s body. It’s a complex of membranes, veins, folds and flexures"

Jerry Bergman, "...How did life exist before ATP?…"

Koonin "The origin of eukaryotes is a huge enigma and a major challenge for evolutionary biology."

Koonin, ""There is a sharp divide in the organizational complexity of the cell between eukaryotes ... and even the most sophisticated prokaryotes"

Koonin, "Major transitions in biological evolution show the same pattern of sudden emergence of diverse forms at a new level of complexity."

Koonin, "no grounds to consider any group of eukaryotes primitive"

Koonis, "...no grounds to consider any group of eukaryotes primitive."

Leslie, John "Our World is Complex … Yet Simple"

"Long before animals with limbs (tetrapods) came onto the scene about 365 million years ago, fish already possessed the genes associated with helping to grow hands and feet."

Lydia Miller, “I must confess that I was at first startled and alarmed by rumours of changes and discoveries which, I was told, were to overturn at once the science of geology as hitherto received…"

Lyell, "No facts of transmutation authenticated."

Lyell, "Substitutions of a new sense, faculty or organ" simply does not occur

Lyell, "We must suppose that when the Author of Nature creates an animal or plant, all the possible circumstances in which its descendants are destined to live are foreseen…."

Margulis "the concept of 'species,' .,.. seems inappropriate for the Prokarya"

Marton, L. "The Science of bacteriology…"

Meyer, General Entomology "all [theories of wing evolution] fail to explain how or why such appendages acquired a hinge-joint mechanism, strong thoracic musculature, and the neural complexity necessary for sustained flight"

Miller, "…In at least two classes of animals - fishes and reptiles - the higher races placed at the beginning: the slope of the inclined plane is laid, if one may so speak, in the reverse way."

Miller, "...the fish seems most certainly to have preceded the reptile and the bird"

Miller, "All the facts of geological science are hostile to the Lamarckian conclusion, that the lower brains were developed into the higher."

Miller, Hugh "The Magnates Walk First"

Mitton, "Perhaps [Hoyle's] most celebrated insight occurred in 1953…"

Picasso on Cave Paintings

Plant Structure and Function "Most animals have a pre-programmed body plan... Plants do not have a pre-programmed body plan"

Plato on Platonic Year

Rethinking Early Evolution: Earth's Earliest Animal Ecosystem Was Complex And Included Sexual Reproduction (Science Daily March 20, 2008)

Richards, Jay, "Our place in the Cosmos is Designed for Discovery."

Russell, Bertrand, ""We may all have come into existence five minutes ago, with holes in our socks…"

Russell, Bertrand, Religion and Science (1935) quote "… Holes in our Socks…"

Schlesinger "with <15% O2 fires would not burn, and at >25% O2 even wet organic matter would burn freely"

Schlesinger, "The release of O2 by photosynthesis is perhaps the single most significant effect of life on the geochemistry of the Earth's surface."

Schopf "Today, large amounts of nitrate are made ... during lightening storms, but this could not happen in the early oxygen-deficient atmosphere.... The scarcity of ammonia and nitrate posed a major problem to life.

Sir J. William Dawson, ""The well-known estimate of Lord Kelvin…"

Special Revelation Principle

Stephen Hawking "[If the neutron-proton mass excess] were not about twice the mass of the electron…"

Symposium: ""Free-living organisms require a minimum of 250 to 450 proteins…"

Wiki: "Computational approaches to protein structure prediction have sought to identify and simulate the mechanism of protein folding, however these have been largely unsuccessful."

Wiki: "Eigen's paradox is one of the most intractable puzzles in the study of the origins of life."

Wikipedia, "A prototypic Hox gene cluster containing at least seven different Hox genes was present in the common ancestor of all bilaterian animals."

Wikipedia: "Computational approaches to protein structure prediction... have been largely unsuccessful."

Winchell, "Nature advertised her plans in the very earliest creative acts … Nature had her plans, and these were mature in the very beginning."

Winchell, "Nature has always issued her bulletins."

Wisdom "The Lord possessed me at the beginning of his work, the first of his acts of old…"
--Reference-- Link

Allday, Jonathan, Quarks, Leptons, and the Big Bang (2nd. Ed. 2002)

Almagest (Ptolemy's Star Catalog)

Astronomiae Instauaratae Mechanica Tycho Brahe

Babylonian Tablet "Three Stars Each"

Barnes, Albert, Lectures on the Evidences of Christianity.

Barrow & Tipler (B&T) Anthropic Cosmological Principle (1986)

Barrow & Tipler, The Anthropic Cosmological Principle (1986)

Bessel, Friedrich

Brahe, Tycho, Astronomiae Instaurate and Mechanica (1602)

Brian Greene The Elegant Universe

Broecker, How to Build a Habitable Planet(1985)

Copernicus De Revolutionibus

David Medved, Hidden Light: Science Secrets of the Bible (2008)

Dyson, Freeman, Disturbing the Universe(1979)

Ford, Brian J. Single Lens: The Story of the Simple Microscope.

Frasier, James George, "Golden Bough" (1890)

Fred Hoyle, The Universe: Past and Present Reflections (1981)

G. Brent Dalrymple, Age of the Earth (1991)

Galileo Galilei, Two New Sciences (1638)

Gesenius Hebrew Grammar

Gingerich, Owen, The Book Nobody Read (2004)

Gonzalez and Richards, The Priviledged Planet (2004)

Haeckel, Ernst "History of Creation" (1876)

Haeckel, Ernst, "Riddle of the Universe"

Harrison, John

Henderson, Water "the only fit substance as the basis for life"

Hipparchus Satellite - Measurement Accuracy

Horowitz, Beginnings of Cellular Life (1992)

Hoyle, Fred, The Universe: Past and Present Reflections (1981)

Hubble Space Telescope - Measurement Accuracy

Johnson, Paul, "Art: A New History"

Kepler, Johannes, Astronomia Nova (1609)

Kepler, Johannes, De Stella Nova (1606)

Kepler, Johannes, Opera Omnia (1858)

Lederman, Leon N. & Hill, Christopher T, Symmetry and the Beautiful Universe (2004)

Linton, C.M. "From Eudoxus to Einstein" (2004)

Lodge, Sir Oliver, "Life and Matter: A Criticism of Ernst Haeckel's 'Riddle of the Universe'"

Margulis, Lynn, Kingdoms and Domains (2009)

Marton, L., The Early History of the Electron Microscope (1968)

Alexandre Meinesz, How Life Began: Evolution's Three Geneses

Messier, Charles Catalog of Deep Sky Objects (1774)

Mitton, Simon, Fred Hoyle: Conflict in the Cosmos(2005)

Morowitz, Harold J., Beginnings of Cellular Life (1992)

Parallax (Friedrich Bessel first measurement)

Plato "Timaeus"

Principia (Newton)

Regulator Clock - John Harrison (1761)

Ruspoli, Mario The Cave of Lascaux: The Final Photographs (1986)

Russell, Bertrand, Religion and Science (1935) quote "… Holes in our Socks…"

Schlesinger, Biogeochemistry:An Analysis of Global Change (1997)

Schopf, J. William Cradle of Life, (1999)

Sean B. Carroll, Endless Forms Most Beautiful: The New Science of Evo Devo, W.W. Norton (2005).

St. Augustine, The Literal Meaning of Genesis

Starlight - Atmospheric Smearing

Starlight - Scintillation or Twinkling

Stoddard, Paul, Animated Virtual Planetarium

Swerdlow, N.M., "Astronomy in the Renaissance"

Tycho-2 Star Catalog

VLBI (Very Long Baseline Interferometer - Measurement Accuracy

Walker, Christopher, Ed. "Astronomy Before the Telescope"

Walker, Christopher, Ed. Astronomy before the Telescop (1996)
--Reference (Web Link) -- Link

BBFH = Burbidge, Geoffrey and Margaret, Fowler, William, and Hoyle, Fred, Synthesis of the Elements in Stars (1957)

Bergman, Jerry, Atp: The Perfect Energy Currency for the Cell.

Bossard, David C. Geology Before Darwin

Bossard, David C. The Stones Cry Out

Boyle, Robert Sceptical Chymist (1661)

Boyle, Robert The Sceptical Chymist (1661)

Conodont Fossil Complete -- Clarkson Paper (1963)

Conodonta Overview

Created Time: Justin Martyr

Created Time: Physics View -- Deem, Rich The Universe is not Eternal

Created Time: Plato Timaeus

Dalton, John New System of Chemical Philosophy Vol. I and II

Dana, James D. , Manual of Geology (1896)

Dawson, J. William (Sir) Acadian Geology (3rd. Edition, 1878)

Dawson, J. William (Sir), The Geological History of Plants (1888)

dinodata -- Maps of Early Geologic History

Fred Hoyle, The Universe: Past and Present Reflections (1981)

Geikie, Sir Archibald, Text-Book of Geology (1902)

Geological History of Plants

Geseniu, Hebrew Lexicon on Qav

Golden Age of Geology (website)

Grenier et al, Evolution of arthropod Hox genes Current Biology (1997)

Haselkorn, Robert, et al, Cyanobacterial genome core and the origin of photosynthesis (2006)

Henderson, Lawrence (1913)

Henderson, Lawrence, Fitness of the Environment (1913)

Hunter, Lawrence, Molecular Biology for Computer Scientists

Kerp, Hans A History of the Palaeozoic Forests

Kimball, John W. On line Biology text

Koonis, E.V. Origin and early evolution of eukaryotes (2010)

Lord Kelvin, On the Age of the Sun's Heat (1862)

Lord Kelvin, On the Secular Cooling of the Earth (1864)

Louis Agassiz, Contributions to the Natural History (1860)

Marton, L. The Electron Microscope (1941) (Journal Article)

Mendeleev, Dimitri, Principles of Chemistry, 2nd. Ed. (1901)

Merz, History of European Thought

Merz, John Theodore, History of European Thought in the Nineteenth Century (1912)

Meyers Konversationslexicon (1885)

New Genetic Data Overturn Long-Held Theory Of Limb Development

Newman, Robert C. "Biblical Firmament: Vault or Vapor?"

Newman, Robert C. "Physical Science & Bible Seminar"

NIH: "highly conserved transcription factor Pax6 plays a key role in eye morphogenesis both in flies and mammals"

NIH: evolutionary conservation of Pax gene family

Phillips, Perry G., Tidal slowdown, Coral Growth and the Age of the Earth

Pichaud and Desplan NIH: "Until the realization that Pax6 was involved in the development of very divergent types of eyes, it was widely accepted that various eyes represented examples of convergent evolution."

Regression in Fossil Record -- book citations

Sir J. William Dawson, Some Salient Points in the Science of the Earth. (1893)

Size Limits of Very Small Microorganisms.

Skinner Algorithmic Tree and Root Branching

Starry Night Astronomy Software (User's Guide)

Steur, Hans, Hans Steur's Paleobotany Pages

The Cambrian Fossil Record and the Origin of the Phyla

von Zittel, Karl Alfred History of Geology and Palæontology to the End of the Nineteenth Century (1901)

Wallace, Alfred Russel, Man's Place in the Universe (1903)

Wallerstein, G., Synthesis of the elements in stars: forty years of progress (1997).

Wells, John W., Coral Growth and Geochronometry (1963)
--Sharp Point-- Link

Cellulose Creation

Cnidaria

Components of the Central Dogma

Cosmic Inflation of the early Universe

Creation of Photosynthesis

Critical Density of the early Universe

Error Correction Coding -- Eigen's Paradox

Fossil Record

Horizontal Gene Transfer: Myth and the Reality

Hox Genes

Hox Genes

Hox genes: Origin of Body Plans

Impossible Triple Alpha Process -- Helium Burning

Inadequacy of the Early Earth Environment

Inconvenient Data of Johannes Kepler.

Insect Wings

Is RuBisCO a "Design Flaw" of Evolution?

Lawrence Henderson on The Fitness of C, H, and Oxygen for the Existence of Life.

Life Appeared on Earth at the Earliest Possible Moment

Life on Earth Was Created Only Once

Magnates Walk First

Missing Runaway Creation of Heavy Elements

Motor Molecules found in All Living Species

Nitrogen Fixing and Nitrogenase

Oxygen Resonance

Protein Folding -- Levinthau's Paradox

Sun-Like Stars and Quantum Tunnelling

The "Big Bang" Creation of Eukaryotes

The First Living Species -- Fixed Nitrogen

Trilobites

Universality of ATP Synthase (ATpase)
--Silent Speech -- Link

Animal Phyla: First Appearances in the Fossil Record

Banded Iron Formations

Conodont "teeth": Precision fossil timepieces.

Conodonts as time markers

Continental Formation and Tectonic Movement

Cosmology - the Science

Direct Measurement of Astronomical Distances

Element Formation and Element Abundance

Fossils_and_the_Geologic_Ages

Goldilocks" Universe

Origin of the Solar System and Earth

Orion Star Nursery

Plant Phyla: First Appearances in the Fossil Record

Radioactive Decay

Rhynie Chert

Rhynie_Chert

Silent Speech in Astronomy

Silent Speeh of Astronomy in the Language of Mathematic

Speech from the Heavens

The Earliest Fossils of the Protist Phyla

The First Fossils

Trilobites

Why I Cannot Accept Undirected Natural Evolution
--Table-- Link

Broken Symmetries

Element Formation Processes

eukaryotes: Six Major Groups

Goldilocks Universe -- books and Quotes

Meteorite Ages

Organelles found in all Eukaryotes

Positional Accuracy in Star Catalogs

Radioactive Decay -- table of half-lives

--Video Link-- Link

Big Dipper Animation (± 100,000 years)
--Subject-- Links -- Alphabetical Listing

A Fit Place For Life: Preparation of the Earth for Advanced Life

Accuracy of Positional Measurements recorded in Star Catalogs

Acorn Worm - Hemicord (A-33) (Lower Cambrian)

Agassiz, "the plan of the whole creation had been maturely considered long before it was executed"

Akkadian Glyph Mul = Star

Akkadian Glyph Mul Mul = Star of Stars = Pleiades

Alexandre Meinesz, How Life Began: Evolution's Three Geneses

Algorithmic Plant Growth

Allday, Jonathan, Quarks, Leptons, and the Big Bang (2nd. Ed. 2002)

Allen, Robert D. Discovered Kinesin

Almagest (Ptolemy's Star Catalog)

Alnitak parallax measurement by Hipparcos satellite

Alnitak triple star system

Alternative Splicing

Amino acids: Left-handed.

Amino acids: the building blocks of proteins.

Andromeda Galaxy -- only one visible to naked eye in Northern Hemisphere

Angiosperms - first appearance (Permian)

Animal Body Systems

Animal Phyla: First Appearances in the Fossil Record

Animals - Gametic Meiosis

Anisotropy

Annelid - Segmented Worm? (A-22) (Ediacaran)

Anthropic Principle

Anthropic Principle

Anthropic Principle "coincidences

Antimatter

Antimatter Annihilation

Appearance of Age (false)

archaea

Archaeobacteria are more advanced than Bacteria

Archaeopteris (Devonian)

Armillary Sphere

Arrow of development

Assymetry in particle/antiparticle decay

Asteroid Belt

Asterophyllites (Devonian)

Astrolabe

Astronomiae Instauaratae Mechanica Tycho Brahe

Astronomy in the Age of Science

Astronomy program Moovastar - projection back in time

ATP

ATP synthase

ATP Synthase Motor Molecule

Augustine's puzzlement about instantaneous creation

auroch (bull)

autotroph

autotroph - misnomer

Autotrophic plants

autotrophs - no Eukaryotes

Babylonian Tablet "Three Stars Each"

Babylonian Zodiac

Bacteria -- genetic variability

Bacteria: Transport by Diffusion

Bacterial Shapes

Bacterial Size

Bacterial size

Bacterial size

Banded Iron Formation

Banded Iron Formations

Banded Iron Formations

Baragwanathia - lycopod, mid-Silurian

Barnes, Albert, Lectures on the Evidences of Christianity.

Barnes: God does not reveal by inspiration what humans can find out by themselves.

Barrow & Tipler (B&T) Anthropic Cosmological Principle (1986)

Barrow & Tipler, The Anthropic Cosmological Principle (1986)

Barrow & Tipler, "For there to be enough time to construct the constituents of living beings, the Universe must be at least ten billion years old…"

Barrow & Tipler "Many a philosopher has argued against the ultimate importance of life in the Universe … But the Big Bang cosmological picture shows this up as too simplistic"

Basic Reactions in Carbon Burning

BBFH = Burbidge, Geoffrey and Margaret, Fowler, William, and Hoyle, Fred, Synthesis of the Elements in Stars (1957)

Bee in Amber (mid-Cretaceous 100 Ma) Oldest Fossil Bee

below and aove = differentiation Genesis 1:6

Bergman, Jerry, Atp: The Perfect Energy Currency for the Cell.

Bessel, Friedrich

beta tauri (el nath)

Betelgeuse

Betelgeuse -- eye of Orion -- red giant

Big Bang

Big Bang -- prior to the Planck Time (0 to 10-43 s)

Big Bang (BB): How Scientists Came to Accept

Big Dipper Animation (± 100,000 years)

Binary Interactions

birthplace of new stars (Orion Cluster)

Black Holes

Black Holes become sinks of lost matter

blackbody radiation

Body Plans: Beginnings of the Eukaryotic Phyla ca. 600 Ma

Bombardment Early Earth

Bossard, David C. Geology Before Darwin

Bossard, David C. The Stones Cry Out

Bossard: God does not create by fiat those things which are within the range of natural processes.

Boyle (1661) "I mean by elements … certain primitive and simple, or perfectly unmingled bodies…"

Boyle (1661) Proposition I, "…Universal matter … actually divided into Little particles of several sizes and shapes."

Boyle Proposition I, Postulating Atoms

Boyle, Robert Sceptical Chymist (1661)

Boyle, Robert The Sceptical Chymist (1661)

Brachiopod Lingula "among the oldest known animal genus that has extant species"

Brachyopod (A-30) (Middle Cambrian)

Brahe Positional Accuracy 0.5 arcmin

Brahe, Tycho

Brahe, Tycho

Brahe, Tycho, Astronomiae Instaurate and Mechanica (1602)

Brian Greene The Elegant Universe

Briggs. Henry (Logarithmic tables)

Brightness of the heavenly bodies - Quote of St. Augustine

Broecker, "Without O2 life was doomed to remain quite simple…"

Broecker, How to Build a Habitable Planet(1985)

Broken Symmetries

Bryozoan (A-29) (Ordovician)

Buckland, "...it is not always by a regular gradation from lower to higher degrees of organization, that the progress of life has advanced"

Buckland, "[regarding fossil fish] a kind of retrograde development, from complex to simple forms, may be said to have taken place."

Buckland, "We are almost lost in astonishment, at the microscopic attention that has been paid to the welfare of creatures, holding so low a place among the inhabitants of the ancient deep"

C-12:C-13 ratio indicating life

Calamites (Devonian)

Calamites (horse-tail) (Carboniferous)

Calculus (Newton)

Calendar Reform (Gregory)

Calvin Process (Dark Process)

Cambrian Crustacean (A-21)

Cambrian Explosion and the Animal Phyla

Cambrian Sponge (A-3) Middle Cambrian

Carbon and Nitrogen Fixing

Carbon Fixing with RuBisCO

Carbonaceous meganeurid dragonfly (Sub-Class Paleoptera)

Carboniferous Era Seeds

Carboniferous Flora

Carboniferous foilage

Carboniferous insects

Carboniferous Scene

Causal connections: Importance of demonstration.

Cave Paintings - Altamira

Cave Paintings - Chauvet

Cave Paintings - Damage

Cave Paintings - Lascaux (video tour)

Cave Paintings - Providential Preservation

Cave Paintings - Religious purpose?

Cave Paintings - Viewing Perspective (Hall of Bulls)

Cellular Dynamics: Acidity gradients

Cellular Dynamics:Capillary Action. xylem and phloem.

Cellular Dynamics:Condensation and evaporation

Cellular Dynamics:Electric potential gradients

Cellular Dynamics:Key-matching. E.g. t-rna,

Cellular Dynamics:Mechanical reconfiguration. Membrane gate-keepers

Cellular Dynamics:Mechanical transport with specialized motor molecules. Kinesin, ATPase, Nitrogenase, etc.

Cellular Dynamics:Osmotic pressure across membranes

Cellular Dynamics:Semi-permeable membrane differentiation

Cellular Dynamics:Solute concentration gradients

Cellulose Creation

Cellulose Creation "One of the great enigmas in plant biology is the biosynthesis of cellulose."

Cellulose is … synthesised by a very large membrane bound complex that acts as a molecular nanomachine….

Cellulose, Lignin and Wood

Central dogma: ~200 genes required to build and carry out

Central Dogma: DNA makes RNA makes Protein

Centromere

CERN

Cesium Atomic Clock Accuracy (10^-09 s/d)

Cesium clock accuracy ???

Chamber of Bulls (Lascaux Cave)

Chemical Properties Necessary for Life to Exist

Chlorophyll "Antenna"

Chlorophyll molecules P680 and P700

Chlorophyll P680 strongest biological oxidizer known

Chlorophyll P700 strongest biological reducer known

Chloroplast (plants)

Christians talking nonsense about science - Quote of St. Augustine

Chromosome

Chromosome Mitosis

Chromosome Mitosis

Chronological Record of Life - William Smith

Ciliate (Eukaryote) shapes

Clockwork world discovered - Kepler

Clumpy Energy

Cnidaria

COBE - Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation

Coccoliths Pr-25 (Triassic, ca. 250 Ma) "Golden brown algae"

Codon Triplet Described (1961) by Crick and Brenner

Codons specify for amino acids

Collisions: binary and triple

Color Charge in Quarks

Comb Jellies (A-5) "earliest animals"

Comb Jellies (A-5) Funisia (Ediacaran - 600 Ma)

Comments on Psalm 19:1-4

Common Ancestry "proof": imagining causal connections.

Common Features of All Eukaryotes

Complexity of "Simple" life -- the Central Dogma

Complexity of the first living species

Components of the Central Dogma

Compte, Auguste “On the subject of stars, all investigations which are not ultimately reducible to simple visual observations are … necessarily denied to us."

Comte "On the subject of stars…"

Conifers - first (Pines) (Carboniferous)

Conodont "teeth"

Conodont "teeth": Precision fossil timepieces.

Conodont Apparatus Middle Ordovician

Conodont Elements

Conodont Fossil (Carboniferous)

Conodont Fossil Complete -- Clarkson Paper (1963)

Conodont Reconstruction

Conodont teeth or "Elements"

Conodonta Overview

Conodonts (Phylum A-37, Craniata)

Conodonts as time markers

Conservation of Energy

Constellations

Constellations as mnemonic devices

Constellations: Earliest Depiction in Lascaux Cave

Continental Formation and Tectonic Movement

Contingency in Creation

Contingent solutions

Convection Currents in Earth's Mantle

Convergent Evolution and Hox Genes

Convergent Evolution and the Science of Evo-Devo

Convergent Evolution: The puzzle

Cooksonia (Upper Silurian 416 Ma)

Copernican Solar System

Copernicus -- epicycles as mathematical approximation

Copernicus De Revolutionibus

Coral (A-4) (Mid-Cambrian)

Coral Daily Growth Lines

Cordaites (Devonian)

Cordaites (Devonian)

Cordaites (gymnosperm: seeds up to 1 cm. are common) (Carboniferous)

Cosmic Background Radiation

Cosmic Background Radiation

Cosmic Background Radiation Map

Cosmic Inflation

Cosmic Inflation (10-36 to 10-32 s)

Cosmic Inflation of the early Universe

Cosmic Web

Cosmic Web Simulation

Cosmology - the Science

coulomb repelling force

CP violation: Puzzling lack of exact CP symmetry

Crab Nebula

Crab Nebula

Created Time: Christ's existence before the creation

Created Time: Justin Martyr

Created Time: Physics View -- Deem, Rich The Universe is not Eternal

Created Time: Plato Timaeus

Creation - Instantaneous (St. Augustine quotes)

Creation - No Before and After in God "without Himself being subject to time He made them subject to time."

Creation Account in Genesis

Creation Day Three: Dry Land and Land Plants

Creation Narrative

Creation Narrative has a sense of direction

Creation of Bacterial life

Creation of Darkness

Creation of elements in stars

Creation of Eukaryotic life

Creation of Light

Creation of Photosynthesis

Creation of Solar System (4.54 Ba)

Creation of the Elements

Creation of the Elements done by Natural processes

Creation of The Proper (Eukaryotic) Cell

Creation of the Solar System and the Earth

Creation Principle

Critical Density at 10-9 s (447,225,917,218,507,401,284,016.0 ± 0.2 gm/cc)

Critical Density of the early Universe

Crucifixion of Jesus (April 3, 33 AD)

CThe Cambrian Fossil Record and the Origin of the Phyla

Cumulative production of Oxygen with time

Cuvier, Baron Georges "It is to fossils alone that must be attributed the birth of the theory of the earth"

cyanobacteria - Anabaena

Cyanobacteria - only bacteria that produce oxygen as waste

cyanobacteria akinetes

cyanobacteria as the earliest photosynthetic bacteria

cyanobacteria heterocysts

cyanobacteria heterocysts and akinetes

Cyanobacteria: Anabaena

cytochrome

Cytoskeleton

Cytoskeleton: Structure in the "amorphous protoplasm"

Dadoxylon (Devonian)

Dalton, John New System of Chemical Philosophy Vol. I and II

Dana "The Lower Cambrian species have not the simplicity of structure that would naturally be looked for in the earliest Paleozoic life. They are perfect of their kind and highly specialized structures."

Dana, "... each [Insect tribe] was derived from some early comprehensive forms."

Dana, James "The Animal kingdom, one in system from the beginning."

Dana, James D. , Manual of Geology (1896)

Daniel Isaac Axelrod (1910-1998) suggested that we do not find early angiosperm fossils because the earliest angiosperms lived in dry, upland habitats where they were unlikely to be preserved as fossils. Though this idea has long been accepted, it has not been well investigated and so remains to be tested. UCMP Berkeley.

Darwin "An organic being is a microcosm…"

Darwin "It is mere rubbish thinking at present of the origin of life…"

Darwin, "An organic being is a microcosm, a little universe formed of a host of self propagating organisms inconceivably minute…."

David Medved, Hidden Light: Science Secrets of the Bible (2008)

Dawson on Sigillaria: "A lumber-man would probably regard it as a tree nearly all bark

Dawson, J. William (Sir) Acadian Geology (3rd. Edition, 1878)

Dawson, J. William (Sir), The Geological History of Plants (1888)

De Broglie, Louis, Quantum Duality in elementary particles (electrons, etc.‚)

Deep Field View of Nebulas in Orion constellation

Deuterium Bottleneck (1-100 s)

Deuterium formation and hydrogen burning

developed cosmologies - intellectual leisure class musings

Development Genes - role in evolution

Development of Early Land Plants

Devonian Flora

Devonian Plant Roots

Devonian Scene

Diatoms Pr-18 (Lower Cretaceous 144 Ma)

diazotroph

diazotrophs - Microbes that fix nitrogen

Difference between Plants and Animals

Diffusion

Diffusion

dinodata -- Maps of Early Geologic History

Dinoflagellates - Pr-5 "From base of Cambrian"

Direct Measurement of Astronomical Distances

Dividing Light from Darkness -- Michaelangelo, Sistine Chapel

DNA "genetic blueprint" for both stasis and change

DNA double helix backbone

DNA genetics discovered - Watson and Crick

DNA in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes

DNA structure

Dogma term coined by Francis Crick (1956)

Dragonflies (Carboniferous, not Devonian)

Dragonflies mis-placed in Devonian

drosophilia hox genes

Dry Land Appearance

dual particle/wave nature of light

Dwarf stars

Dyson, Freeman, Disturbing the Universe(1979)

Dyson, Freeman, Disturbing the Universe(1979) "The Universe in some sense must have known we were coming."

Earliest Fossil Species

Early earth landscape

Early Earth: Conditions

Early Earth: earliest evidence for life

Early Earth: Moon close orbit ??? Miles

Early Earth: Moon Tidally locked

Early Earth: radioactive crust -- like fuel rods

Early Earth: tidal waters

Early Earth: Volcanic activity

Early Evidence of the Constellations.

Early Plasma Universe (0-380,000 y)

Early reducing atmosphere: Nitrogen, water vapor, carbon dioxide.

Earth's life-supporting cocoon

Earthscape (3.9Ba)

Easter Date

Echinoderms (A-34) (Middle Cambrian)

Ecliptic

ecliptic

Ediacaran Era

Eigen's Paradox (1971)

Einstein "The Lord God is subtle but he is not malicious."

Einstein "The most incomprehensible thing"

Einstien Rings

electron capture

Electron waves discovered - Louis DeBroglie

Electrons

Element Formation and Element Abundance

Element Formation Processes

Element Spectrum (Solar Absorption and Emission Spectra)

Elements Discovered - John Dalton

end-stage of star nucleosynthesis

Energies for Biological Reactions (at 300°K)

Energy: positive (Radiant) and Negative (Gravitational)

Engineering of Stingers

Entropy in a Collapsing Universe

Epicycles (Ptolemy) Analogy to Fourier Analysis

Equilibrium Calculations -- simplified example

Equiligrium Process

Error Correction Coding -- Eigen's Paradox

Essential for Life of any kind: Water + H, C, O, N

EThe Earliest Fossils of the Protist Phyla

Eukaryote - paramecium

Eukaryote internal structure

Eukaryotes: Cell signalling?

Eukaryotes: Chromosome

Eukaryotes: Chromosomes

Eukaryotes: Cytokinesis

Eukaryotes: Cytoskeleton

Eukaryotes: Histones

Eukaryotes: Internal Membrane; Nucleus

Eukaryotes: Kinesin Transport Molecule (Motor Molecule)

Eukaryotes: Membrane Structures

Eukaryotes: Mitochondria

Eukaryotes: Mitosis

Eukaryotes: Mitosis

Eukaryotes: Mitotic spindle

Eukaryotes: Organelles

Eukaryotes: Sex - Meiosis

eukaryotes: Six Major Groups

Eukaryotes: Ubiquitin - regulatory protein

Eukaryotic Cytoskeleton: microfiliaments

Eukaryotic Cytoskeleton: Microtubules

Eukaryotic Error Correction and Repair

Eukaryotic Signalling and Cell Regulation

Evo-Devo, Carroll: "Not a single biologist ever anticipated that the same genes that control the making of an insect's body and organs also control the making of our bodies."

Evo-Devo: Forelimb homology

Evo-Devo: Homologies to the Hand

Evo-Devo: The Bottom Line

evolution - Darwin's controversial assertion

Evolution - Demonstrable Mechanisms of stasis and change

evolution - important engine for natural change

Evolution: Reductive

Evolutionary adaptation

Evolutionary Development (Evo-Devo)

Evolutionary Development (Evo-Devo)

Exegetical Remarks on Psalm 19:1-4

expanse in Genesis 1:6

Expansion of the Universe after the Big Bang

Extinctions in the Fossil Record (Table)

facts de-emphasized

False appearance of history in Creation

FeMo-co (MoFe cofactor)

Filicinophytes (True Ferns) Late Carboniferous

Fine-Tuned Universe

Finely Tuned Physical Properties That are Essential for the Universe to Exist

Firmamentum (Latin Vulgate) = firmament Ps. 19:1

First Appearances of Major Plant Groups

First Fifteen Minutes

First Fifteen Minutes

First Fossil Evidence

First Genesis: Creation of the Universe

First true plants

Fixed Stars

fixed stars

Flame nebula

Flatness of Solar System (all planets within 8° of Earth-Sun plane

Flowers

Foraminifera - Pr-3

Foraminifera Cambrian Era (455 Ma)

Ford, Brian J. Single Lens: The Story of the Simple Microscope.

Formation of Heavier Elements

Formation of the Heavier Elements in Supernovas

Formation of the Milky Way

Fossil growth lines

Fossil Record

Fossils Characteristic of the Geologic Ages (Table)

Fossils_and_the_Geologic_Ages

Four Elements: earth, water, air and fire

Fourier Analysis

Frasier, James George, "Golden Bough" (1890)

Fred Hoyle "A common sense interpretation of the facts suggests that a super intellect has monkeyed with physics, as well as with chemistry and biology…"

Fred Hoyle "the oddest array of apparently random quirks you could possibly imagine. …"

Fred Hoyle and Carbon Resonance (1953)

Fred Hoyle on the Laws of Nuclear Physics.

Fred Hoyle, The Universe: Past and Present Reflections (1981)

Fred Hoyle, The Universe: Past and Present Reflections (1981)

First Fossils

First Living Species -- Fixed Nitrogen

Functions of the cytoskeleton

Fundamental Constant c = Speed of light

Fundamental Constant G = Gravitational Constant

Fundamental Constant h = Planck Constant

Fundamental Forces: Gravity, Weak Force, Electromagnetic, Strong Force

G. Brent Dalrymple, Age of the Earth (1991)

Galbraith, Megan

Galileo Galilei, Two New Sciences (1638)

Geikie, Sir Archibald, "But it may be questioned how far the recent limitation of time proposed from physical considerations are really founded on well-established facts."

Geikie, Sir Archibald, Text-Book of Geology (1902)

Gene Regulation

Gene Transcription

Genesis 1:14 "Let them be for signs and for seasons…"

Genesis 1:2 darkness = absenc of light

Genesis 1:2 darkness, "face of the deep" "face of the waters."

Genesis 1:2 Formless and Empty

Genesis 1:2 formlessness = non-existence, emptiness

Genesis 1:2 waters = fluid shapelessness

Genesis 1:3 Day One "Let there be light" = Big Bang

Genesis 1:3 Day One "Separated light from darkness" = cosmic expansion

Genesis 1:3 Day One light = radiant energy (full spectrum)

Genesis 1:3-5 Day One = Big Bang and Immediate aftermath

Genesis 1:6-8 The Second Day - Creation of the Cosmos, Solar System and Earth.

Genetic Code Cracked (1966) Niremberg et al.

Genopme Sizes

Geologic Clock

Geologic Clock

Geologic Periods of the first Plants and Animals

Geological History of Plants

Geological Strata

Geologixal plant history

Geseniu, Hebrew Lexicon on Qav

Gesenius Hebrew Grammar

Giant Stars

Gingerich, Owen, The Book Nobody Read (2004)

God uses Natural Processes whenever they suffice

God uses Natural Variation (Evolution) as a tool in creation

God's Creative Activity is not limited by time or space

God's Creative Activity is Purposeful

God's Self-imposed Limitations in Creation.

Golden Age of Geology (website)

Goldilocks Universe -- books and Quotes

Goldilocks" Universe

Gonzalez and Richards, The Priviledged Planet (2004)

Goodale, "Protoplasm is no longer regarded by any one in any sense as a comparatively simple substance."

Grand Design spiral galaxy M81

Gravitational attraction regions

Gravitational collapse

Gravitational Lensing Calculation of minimum distance to Quasar Q0957+561

Gravitational Lock

Great year

Greek School

Green Algae Pr-32 (Middle Cambrian)

Gregorian Calendar

Grenier (1997), "No new Hox genes were equired to catalyze the arthropod radiation

Grenier et al, Evolution of arthropod Hox genes Current Biology (1997)

Guth. Alan H. proposed Cosmic Inflation in 1980.

Gymnosperms

H-Alpha radiation -- red glow in star nebulas

Haber Process

Haber Process

Hadron Coillider (5-10 TeV)

Haeckel, "… the general explanation of life is now no more difficult to us than the explanation of the physical properties of inorganic bodies."

Haeckel, Ernst "History of Creation" (1876)

Haeckel, Ernst on Spontaneous Origin of Life

Haeckel, Ernst, "Riddle of the Universe"

Haikouichthys (Possible A-37 Craniata) Lower Cambrian

harmonic analysis (Fourier Analysis)

Harrison, John

Haselkorn, "the majority of photosynthetic genes must have first appeared in the cyanobacterial lineage."

Haselkorn, Robert, et al, Cyanobacterial genome core and the origin of photosynthesis (2006)

Hawking radiation

Hebrew Cosmology

Helium Burning and Carbon Formation

Henderson, "…For aught we know.. [stars] … may be the birthplace of elements…."

Henderson, "The chemist puts his mind at rest…"

Henderson, Lawrence (1913)

Henderson, Lawrence, Fitness of the Environment (1913)

Henderson, Water "the only fit substance as the basis for life"

Hertzsprung-Russell (H-R) diagram (1910)

Hertzsprung-Russell (H-R) diagram (1910) star brightness vs color

Hipparchus -- trigonometry

Hipparchus (190-130 BC)

Hipparchus Satellite - Measurement Accuracy

Hipparchus Star Catalog

Hitchcock, "...this fish of the oldest rock was not, as the development scheme would require, of a low organization, but quite high on the scale of fishes."

Hitchcock, "molluscs as to their classes have certainly retrograded from the compound to the simple"

Hitchcock, "Thirteenth Law.--Many of the fossil animals had a combination of characters which among living animals are found only in several different types or classes. Agassiz very appropriately calls such types Prophetic Types. For they form the pattern of animals that were to appear afterward."

Homeodomain

homeodomain -- Homeobox

Homogeneity of the Universe.

horizontal gene transfer

Horizontal Gene Transfer - Conjugation

Horizontal Gene Transfer: Myth and the Reality

Horowitz, Beginnings of Cellular Life (1992)

Horsehead Nebula

Horsehead nebula

Horseshoe Crab (Chelicerata, A-20) (Ordovician - 445 Ma)

How do Mitochondria work?

How the Natural Creation of Species Proceeds

Hox (homeobox) Genes

Hox Gene Mapping

Hox Genes

Hox Genes

Hox Genes: Commonality and direction of transcription (Table)

Hox genes: Origin of Body Plans

Hox Genes: Role of non-coding DNA

Hoyle "common sense interpretation of the facts … no blind forces worth speaking about in nature."

Hoyle, Fred -- Oscillating Universe

Hoyle, Fred "...number of ways in which even a single enzyme could be wrongly constructed…"

Hoyle, Fred, The Universe: Past and Present Reflections (1981)

Hubble Space Telescope - Measurement Accuracy

Hubble Space Telescope positional accuracy 0.001 arc sec

Hubble's Law (1929)

Hugo von Mohl, "[protoplasm is the] visible but apparently structureless forms of cells."

Human habitat: a minute habitable island within a vast sea of hostile forces.

Human Hox Genes (Table)

Hunter, Lawrence, Molecular Biology for Computer Scientists

Huxley, Thomas "Of all the perennial miracles [Nature] offers"

Hydraulic Fracking

Hydrogen - Formation (~1 s)

Hydrogen Bonding

Hydrogen Burning

Hydrogen Burning

Hydrogen Burning (Main Sequence Stars)

Idealized Calculations effective

Importance of the Quantum

Impossible Triple Alpha Process -- Helium Burning

In the Beginning - The Creation of Space and Time

Inadequacy of the Early Earth Environment

Inconvenient Data of Johannes Kepler.

Insect Sudden Disappearance in Permian Extinction (250 Ma)

Insect Wings

Insects Sudden Appearance in Carboniferous (380 Ma)

Insects were the first flying animals

Introduction to the Creation Narrative

Introns and "Junk DNA"

Iron Group (Iron, Cobalt, Nickel)

iron oxide

Is RuBisCO a "Design Flaw" of Evolution?

"The insect wing is not just a membrane that juts of the insect’s body. It’s a complex of membranes, veins, folds and flexures"

"Its voice is not heard" Ps. 19:3

J. William Schopf

Jerry Bergman, "...How did life exist before ATP?…"

Job (Bible) Reference to constellations Pleiades, Orion and the Bear.

Johnson, Paul, "Art: A New History"

Julian Calendar

Jupiter

Kepler, Johannes

Kepler, Johannes, Astronomia Nova (1609)

Kepler, Johannes, De Stella Nova (1606)

Kepler, Johannes, Opera Omnia (1858)

Kerp, Hans A History of the Palaeozoic Forests

Kerp, Hans, A History of the Palaeozoic Forests

Kimball, John W. On line Biology text

Kinesin motor molecule

Koonin "The origin of eukaryotes is a huge enigma and a major challenge for evolutionary biology."

Koonin, ""There is a sharp divide in the organizational complexity of the cell between eukaryotes ... and even the most sophisticated prokaryotes"

Koonin, "Major transitions in biological evolution show the same pattern of sudden emergence of diverse forms at a new level of complexity."

Koonin, "no grounds to consider any group of eukaryotes primitive"

Koonis, E.V. Origin and early evolution of eukaryotes (2010)

Kinesin and Dynein Transport Molecules: Molecular motors

largest bacterium

Lateral Council Request for Copernican Tables

Lawrence Henderson on The Fitness of C, H, and Oxygen for the Existence of Life.

Layered earth

Leaf Fractal Algorithm

Leaf Venation Algorithm

Leaves

Lederman, Leon N. & Hill, Christopher T, Symmetry and the Beautiful Universe (2004)

Leeuwenhoek and Royal Society

Lemaitre, Georges

Lepidodendron (Devonian)

Lepidodendron (quillwort) (Carboniferous)

Leslie, John "Our World is Complex … Yet Simple"

Levinthau paradox: the "best" protein folding cannot come from any process of sampling

Levinthau's Paradox (1969)

Life Appeared on Earth at the Earliest Possible Moment

Life from outer space?

Life on Earth Was Created Only Once

Life precursors absent

Life: Primitive and Complex (Ward and Brownlee)

Life: Unity - created only once.

Life's Boom and Bust cycles

Light Spectrum of Elements -- Angstrom discovery (1853)

Linton, C.M. "From Eudoxus to Einstein" (2004)

Lithium Barrier (Atomic Number 5 and 8)

Lithium Barrier (Atomic Number 5 and 8)

Lithium Barrier and Quantum Tunneling

Liverwort Gas Exchange

Lobopod (Velvet Worm) (A-28) (Lower Cambrian)

Lodge, Sir Oliver, "Life and Matter: A Criticism of Ernst Haeckel's 'Riddle of the Universe'"

Long before animals with limbs (tetrapods) came onto the scene about 365 million years ago, fish already possessed the genes associated with helping to grow hands and feet."

Lord Kelvin - thermodynamics

Lord Kelvin, On the Age of the Sun's Heat (1862)

Lord Kelvin, On the Secular Cooling of the Earth (1864)

Louis Agassiz, Contributions to the Natural History (1860)

Lunar Albedo, near and farside

Lydia Miller, “I must confess that I was at first startled and alarmed by rumours of changes and discoveries which, I was told, were to overturn at once the science of geology as hitherto received…"

Lyell, "No facts of transmutation authenticated."

Lyell, "Substitutions of a new sense, faculty or organ" simply does not occur

Lyell, "We must suppose that when the Author of Nature creates an animal or plant, all the possible circumstances in which its descendants are destined to live are foreseen…."

Lyelll on Lamarck and Evo-Devo

Lysenkoism

MADS-box family of transcription factors in flower development

Magdelenian Culture (18,000 to 10,000 BP)

Magellenic Clouds -- only one visible to naked eye in Southern Hemisphere

magic number 137

Magnates Walk First

Magnesium atom central to photosyntheis

Magnesium Dioxide in cave painting (not datable)

Main Sequence

Mantle Convection Currents

Marattiales (Oldest Extent True Fern Group) Late Carboniferous

Marcellus Shale (Devonian)

Marcellus Shale (Devonian) Vertical Cross-section Ohio to Pennsylvania

Margulis "the concept of 'species,' .,.. seems inappropriate for the Prokarya"

Margulis, Lynn, Kingdoms and Domains (2009)

Mars "Fossils" about 1000x too small to support any kind of life

Marton, L. The Electron Microscope (1941) (Journal Article)

Marton, L. "The Science of bacteriology…"

Marton, L., The Early History of the Electron Microscope (1968)

Massive Red Giant Stars -> Type II Supernovas

Mathematics as Embedded Speech

Matter Formation (10-32 to 10-7 s)

Mechanics of Sap Flow

Medusa (A-4) (Mid-Cambrian)

Megalopteris (Devonian)

Meiosis

Meiosis

Meiosis Overview

Mendeleev, Dimitri, Principles of Chemistry, 2nd. Ed. (1901)

Merz, History of European Thought

Merz, John Theodore, History of European Thought in the Nineteenth Century (1912)

Messier, Charles Catalog of Deep Sky Objects (1774)

Metal - Definition in Astronomy

Meteorite Ages

Meteorite Ages and Age of the Solar System

Meyer, General Entomology "all [theories of wing evolution] fail to explain how or why such appendages acquired a hinge-joint mechanism, strong thoracic musculature, and the neural complexity necessary for sustained flight"

Meyers Konversationslexicon (1885)

Micropyle (pollen opening - seed ferns)

Microscopic world discovered - Leeuwenhoek

microtubule organizing center

Microwave Background

Mid-Atlantic Ridge

Milky Way Galaxy

Milky Way Galaxy Habitable Zone

Miller-Urey Experiment (1952)

Miller, "…In at least two classes of animals - fishes and reptiles - the higher races placed at the beginning: the slope of the inclined plane is laid, if one may so speak, in the reverse way."

Miller, "...the fish seems most certainly to have preceded the reptile and the bird"

Miller, "All the facts of geological science are hostile to the Lamarckian conclusion, that the lower brains were developed into the higher."

Miller, Hugh "The Magnates Walk First"

Miller, Lydia

Missing Runaway Creation of Heavy Elements

Mitochondria

mitochondria process oxygen to form ATP

Mitosis

Mitosis, Meiosis and Sexual Differentiation (dimorphism)

Mitton, "Perhaps [Hoyle's] most celebrated insight occurred in 1953…"

Mitton, Simon, Fred Hoyle: Conflict in the Cosmos(2005)

Modes of Internal Cell Transport: Diffusion vs. Kinesin Transport

MoFe (dinitrogenase)

Mollusc (A-26) Cambrian

Molluscs (A-26) and Brachiopods (A-30)

Molybdenum Central to Nitrogenase molecule

Moon - Width 29.5 to 33.5 arc-minutes

Moon and Earth Shadow During an Eclipse

Moon Crater age

Moon Formation

Moon Formation (Artist illustration)

Moon width 29.5 to 33.5 arcmin

Moonscape - Crater 302

Morowitz, Harold J., Beginnings of Cellular Life (1992)

Motor Molecule: ATP synthase

Motor Molecule: DNA polymerase

Motor Molecule: DNA Reverse-Transcriptase

Motor Molecule: Ribosome

Motor Molecule: RNA Polymerase (RNApase)

Motor Molecule: Rubisco (for sugar production)

Motor Molecule: t-RNA Synthase

Motor Molecules found in All Living Species

Moving to land

Multicellular Life

Mycoplasma genitalium

NADP reductase

NADPH

Napier, John (Logarithms)

Natural Nitrogen Cycle

natural processes are time-dependent

Nearby Stars

Nearby Stars

Nebulas in Orion constellation

Necessary Size and Age of the Universe

Nematocyst Cocked

Nematocyst Life Cycle

Nematocyst: Engineering challenges

Nematocysts

Nenatodes (A-11 and A-12) horsehair work (Lower Cambrian 535 Ma)

Neutrino Existence: Postulated by Wolfgang Pauli in 1930

Neutron Drip Line

Neutron half-life

neutron star

Neutrons

New Genetic Data Overturn Long-Held Theory Of Limb Development

Newman, Robert C. "Biblical Firmament: Vault or Vapor?"

Newman, Robert C. "Physical Science & Bible Seminar"

Newton - Planetary Physical Laws of Motion

Newton, Isaac

Next Two Billion Years

NIH: "highly conserved transcription factor Pax6 plays a key role in eye morphogenesis both in flies and mammals"

NIH: evolutionary conservation of Pax gene family

Nitrogen Fixing

Nitrogen Fixing and Nitrogenase

Nitrogen Fixing Slow process (1.2 sec. per molecule)

Nitrogen Fixing with Nitrogenase

Nitrogenase motor molecule

Nitrogenase poisoned by oxygen

Noether, Emmy Theorem "to each "symmetry" in physics there corresponds a conserved quantity (and vice versa).

Noether's Theorem

nucleolus

Nucleosynthesis at the Core of a Mature Star

Nucleosynthesis in Stars -- Summary

nucleotide base pairs

Nut (Egyptian Sky Goddess)

Nut (Egyptian Sky goddess)

Ocean Heat Absorption

Odontopteris (fern) (Carboniferous)

Olber's Paradox (1823)

opaque universe

Ordinary matterr

Ordovician = older "Lower Silurian"

Organelles found in all Eukaryotes

Organelles in Eukaryotes

Organic chemistry discovered - Friedrich Wöhler

Origin of the Solar System and Earth

Orion Branch

Orion Cluster

Orion Constellation

Orion Constellation

Orion Constellation

Orion Nebula

Orion Nebula (M42)

Orion Nebula (M42) in Orion's Sword (Star Nursery) 1300 ly

Orion Spur

Orion Star Nursery

Orion Star Nursery

Orion's Belt in Lascaux Cave

Orion's Belt star ages 4 to 10 My, 800-1500 ly distance, blue giants

Oscillating Universe

Overall time limitation

oxygen metabolism

Oxygen Resonance

Oxygen, Neon and Magnesium Creation

ozone layer

p-p reaction (proton-proton)

Parallax

Parallax (Friedrich Bessel first measurement)

Parallax (Star)

Particle Colliders

Pauli Exclusion Principle

Pax 6 Ancestral gene that controls eye development

Pecopteris (seed fern) (Carboniferous)

Penzias, Arno and Wilson, Robert: Discovery of Cosmic Background Radiation

Periodic Table (Mendeleev, 1869) Table of 63 elements

Permanent Dry Land

Permian Flora

Petroglyphs -- Guest Star 1054 = Crab Nebula

phenotype plasticity

Phillips, Perry G., Tidal slowdown, Coral Growth and the Age of the Earth

photorespiration "defect" in RuBisCO

Photorespiration a "design flaw in photosynthesis"

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis - Dark Process (Calvin Process)

Photosynthesis - Light Process

Photosynthesis - Overview

Photosynthesis-I (PS-I) (light process)

Photosynthesis-I (PS-II) (light process)

Physics of Stars from Spectrum.

Picasso on Cave Paintings

Pichaud and Desplan NIH: "Until the realization that Pax6 was involved in the development of very divergent types of eyes, it was widely accepted that various eyes represented examples of convergent evolution."

Pikaia (A-36 Cephalachordata) (Cambrian Burgess Shales)

Pl-1 Bryophyta Devonian (370 Ma)

Pl-1 Fossil Moss in Dominican Amber

Pl-10 Coniferophyta -- Conifers Mid Triassic (225 Ma)

Pl-11 Gnetophyta. Gnetopyte with cones and leaves (Lower Cretaceous 140 Ma)

Pl-12 Anthophyta - Eudicot - Leefructus Flowering Plant (Cretaceous 127 Ma)

Pl-12 Anthophyta -- Angiosperms = flowering plants

Pl-12 Anthophyta Earliest Flowering Plant (Upper Jurassic 145 Ma)

Pl-2 Hepatophyta - Liverworts mid-devonian

Pl-3 Anthocerophyta. Hornworts

Pl-4 Lycophyta. Lycopods -- club moss Pennsylvanian

Pl-4 Lycophyta. Lycopods -- club mosses Mid Silurian

Pl-6 Sphenophyta Horsetails Carboniferous

Pl-7 Filicinophyta -- true fern Pecopteris Pennsylvanian 300 Ma

Pl-7x Seed Ferns (Extinct) Carboniferous

Pl-8 Cycadophyta -- Cycads - Ca 60 Ma

Pl-9 Ginkgophyta -- Ginkgo tree Leaves (Cretatious and Jurassic)

Pl-9 Ginkgophyta -- Ginkgo tree Lower Jurassic (180 Ma)

Planck Density (about 10^23 solar masses)

Planck Length (1.62 x 10-35 m)

Planck Radiation Formula

Planck Temperature (1.42 x 1032°K)

Planck Time (10-43 s)

Planck Time (5.39 x 10-44 s)

Planck, Max discovered that energy comes in discrete "quanta" in 1900

Planetary Equations discovered - Newton

planetary orbits as mathematical objects

Plant Cellular DynamicsL What Makes Things Move?

Plant Diversity Tree

Plant Fossil Evidence (Table)

Plant Fossil First Appearances

Plant Innovations (Table)

Plant Innovations Ordovician to Carboniferous (Table)

Plant Kingdom Phyla

Plant Phyla: First Appearances in the Fossil Record

Plant Species in the Devonian and Carboniferous Strata

Plant Structure and Function "Most animals have a pre-programmed body plan... Plants do not have a pre-programmed body plan"

Plants - Zygotic/Sporic Meiosis

plastoquinone

Plato "Timaeus"

Plato on Platonic Year

Platyphyllum (Archaeopteris)

Pleiades in Lascaux Cave

Polaris (North Star)

Pollen_Spores_and_Seeds

Positional Accuracy in Star Catalogs

Positional Accuracy in Star Catalogs

Precession of the Equinoxes

Preparation for advanced life: Distribute food worldwide

Preparation for advanced life: reducing to oxidizing environment

Present Day Tectonic Plates and Active Volcanic Zones

Preview of Findings: First Fifteen Minutes

Priapulid worm (modern)

Primordial Element Cration

Primordial elements

Primordial Elements formation (100 s to 15 minutes).

Primordial Helium

Primordial Hydrogen

Primordial Lithium

Principia (Newton)

Process Diagram from BBHF

Processes involved in Stellar Nucleosynthesis

Prokaryotes: Binary fission

Proper Cell

proplyd

proplyds -- new stars and potential solar systems

Protection of the genetic code

Protein Folding

Protein Folding

Protein folding

Protein Folding -- Levinthau's Paradox

Protist Colonies

Protists = Sngle-cell eukaryotes

proto-eukaryotes missing

proto-galaxy (Orion Cluster)

Protoctista

Proton Drip Line

Protons

Protophyta (plant like Protists)

Protoplanetary Disk

protoplasm (Ernst Haeckel)

Protozoa (animal like Protists)

Psalm Nineteen, Verses One to Four

Psilophyton (Devonian)

pteridosperms - lit. "Seed Ferns"

Pteridosperms (Seed Ferns) First True seed plants.

Ptolemaic System

Ptolemy -- Epicycles

Ptolemy Almagest

pulsar in Crab Nebula rotates 30x/s

pulsar rapid rotation

Pulsar: Jocelyn Bell Radioastronomy discovery of first (1967)

Purposeful Creation

purposeful development: There is no feature or law of nature that implies purposeful development or that dictates progression: too much contingency, too much opportunity for things to fail.

Puzzlements

Qav (Hebrew) = "stretched line" Ps. 19:4 (musical term - Gesenius)

quantum tunneling

Quark components

Quark Epoch (10-10 s - 10-6 s)

Quarks

Quarks

Radiant Energy = Light

Radioactive beta-plus decay

Radioactive Decay

Radioactive Decay -- table of half-lives

Radioactive Heating

Radiolaria Pr-31 (Lower Cambrian 545 Ma)

Raqiya (Hebrew) = Spread Out Ps. 19:1

Rare Earth Hypothesis

Reconstructed Milky Way

Records of Creative Activity: Self-Limitation of God

Red Algae Pr-33 (Pre-Cambrian possibly 1,250 Ma)

Red Beds

Reduction/oxidation cycles 3.5 Ga to 1.5 Ga

Reductive_Evolution

Regression in Fossil Record -- book citations

Regulator Clock - John Harrison (1761)

Resonances C & O

Rethinking Early Evolution: Earth's Earliest Animal Ecosystem Was Complex And Included Sexual Reproduction (Science Daily March 20, 2008)

Rhynie Chert

Rhynie Chert

Rhynie Chert - Sperm Cells Ejecting (Archegonium)

Rhynie Chert - Spore Tetrads

Rhynie Chert (Early Devonian)

Rhynie_Chert

Rhyniophyta (extinct phylum)

Rhynophyta - Extinct phylum

Rhythmite measurements of Moon orbit

Ribosome

Ribosome Small Unit - Bacteria, Archaea and Eukaryotes

Ribosome Synthesis

Ribosome translation

Ribosome: "The Smartest Living Nanomachine"

Richards, Jay, "Our place in the Cosmos is Designed for Discovery."

RNA Codon Table

RNA Polymerases

rock formations, oldest

Rocky Planet - - Earth-like

Roots

Role of Time in the Creation Narrative

Rubisco discrimination against the isotope C-13

RuBisCO molecule

Rudolphine Star Catalog (Kepler - 1627)

Ruspoli, Mario The Cave of Lascaux: The Final Photographs (1986)

Russell, Bertrand, ""We may all have come into existence five minutes ago, with holes in our socks…"

Russell, Bertrand, Religion and Science (1935) quote "… Holes in our Socks…"

Russell, Bertrand, Religion and Science (1935) quote "… Holes in our Socks…"

Rydberg Constant (13.6 eV = 157,760 °K)

Sargon (Akkadian Empire, 2270-2083 BC)

Schlesinger "with <15% O2 fires would not burn, and at >25% O2 even wet organic matter would burn freely"

Schlesinger, "The release of O2 by photosynthesis is perhaps the single most significant effect of life on the geochemistry of the Earth's surface."

Schlesinger, Biogeochemistry:An Analysis of Global Change (1997)

Schopf "Today, large amounts of nitrate are made ... during lightening storms, but this could not happen in the early oxygen-deficient atmosphere.... The scarcity of ammonia and nitrate posed a major problem to life.

Schopf, J. William Cradle of Life, (1999)

Schwarzschild radius

Sean B. Carroll, Endless Forms Most Beautiful: The New Science of Evo Devo, W.W. Norton (2005).

Second Generation Stars

SEDS

Seeds

Self-Imposed Limitations in Creation

Self-Limitation by God

Separate" in Genesis 1:6 = differentiate and asssign identity: undifferentiated water to specific objects with form and function

Separation of Light from Darkness -- Ariel skit

sexual propagation - planta

Shu (Egyptian God of Earth)

siderial year

Siderial Zodiac

Siemens and the Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)

Sigillaria (club moss) (Carboniferous)

Sigillaria (Devonian)

Sigillaria height to 100 ft. (Devonian)

Signs and Seasons, Days and Years: Comments on Genesis 1:14

Silent Speech

Silent Speech in Astronomy

Silent Speeh of Astronomy in the Language of Mathematic

silica

Simplest Life on Earth is Vastly Complex:

Sir J. William Dawson, ""The well-known estimate of Lord Kelvin…"

Sir J. William Dawson, Some Salient Points in the Science of the Earth. (1893)

Size Limits of Very Small Microorganisms.

Sketch of earliest fossil (3.465 Ba)

Skinner Algorithmic Tree and Root Branching

Slime Mold Life Cycle

Slime Molds (Protist Rhizopoda, Pr-2)

Smallest DNA sizes

Smith, William, "Father of British Geology"

SN-1987A shockwave

Solar Heating

Solar Heating: How Did the Earth's Temperature Stay Steady?

Solar Luminosity

Solar System

Solar System Age = age of oldest meteorites

Solar system Habitable Zone

Solar System Inner Planets

Solar System orbit about 240 My around Milky Way Center

Solid Dome

Solid Matter required for advanced life

spallation of electrons

Special Revelation Principle

Spectral Analysis of Light as an example of the Silent Speech

Speech from the Heavens

Spicules (Sponge) Cambrian

Sponge (A-3) archeocyathid (Lower Cambrian Index fossil)

Spore Tetrads

Spores - earliest fossils

Spores - Middle Devonian

St. Augustine of Hippo on Firmament

St. Augustine on "Formless and Empty" = Earth before there was an earth.

St. Augustine, The Literal Meaning of Genesis

Stable Elements -- Isotopes of He, C, O

Star - Alnitak

Star - movement due to Earth Rotation (1 arc-min in 4 sec.)

Star - Sigma Orionis

Star and Galaxy Formation

Star Burning and Formation of the Elements

Star Catalogs

Star Formation

star Formation may be triggered by supernova shock compression waves

Star HE 1523-0901 Milky Way Red Giant 13.2 By old

Star movement over millennia

Star Nurseries

Star orbits about Milky Way

Star: Core Collapse

Star: nutrino bombardment and Shock Wave: r-process

Star: Supernova Explosion

Starlight - Atmospheric Smearing

Starlight - Scintillation or Twinkling

Starry Night Astronomy Software (User's Guide)

Stars - Primordial

Stars as Timekeepers

Stars as Timekeepers

Stars as Timekeepers: First and Prototype Instance of God's Silent Speech

Stars: Poppulation I (metal-rich)

Stars: Poppulation II (metal-poor)

Stars: Poppulation III (metal-free)

Stem Cells

Stephen Hawking "[If the neutron-proton mass excess] were not about twice the mass of the electron…"

Stereoma (Greek) = Something firm = firmament Ps. 19:1

Steur, Hans, Hans Steur's Paleobotany Pages

Second Genesis: Creation of Bacterial Life

Separation of Light From Darkness (Genesis 1:4)

Stigmaria (roots) (Carboniferous)

Stoddard, Paul, Animated Virtual Planetarium

Stomata

stomata

Stomata main avenue of transpiration

Stresses of Colonizing Land

String Theory

stromatolyte minerals

Stromatolytes

Stromatolytes at Hamelin Bond, Western Australia

Strong Force binds Quarks together

Sub-atomic Particles

Subduction

Subduction Zones

Sun - Width 31.6 to 32.7 arc-minutes

Sun width 31.6 to 32.7 arcmin

Sun-like Stars

Sun-Like Stars and Quantum Tunnelling

Sun: Lifecycle

Sun: Lifetime

Sun: Luminosity

Supernova

Supernova beginnings

Supernova Frequency

Supernova observed by Tycho Brahe in 1572.

Surprising Instances of the Silent Speech in the Scientific Age

Swerdlow, N.M., "Astronomy in the Renaissance"

Symmetry Breaking = equilibrium condition ceases to be possible

Symmetry in the Universe

Symmetry-Breaking in the First Fifteen Minutes

Symposium: ""Free-living organisms require a minimum of 250 to 450 proteins…"

SYNOPSIS OF THE CREATION NARRATIVE

Table of Elements (1808)

Tardigrade (A-27) (Cambrian 530 Ma)

Task of science is to discover those things that can be done by natural processes and to demonstrate the mechanisms.

Taurus Constellation -- Crab Nebula

Tectonic Plates

Telescopic world discovered - Galileo

The "Big Bang" Creation of Eukaryotes

The ATP synthase enzymes have been remarkably conserved through evolution…"

Their line goes out" Ps. 19:4

Thermodynamics 2nd Law: The normal narrative of nature is one of constant disintegration and of pending chaos.

Thermonuclear Physics

Thylakoid Membrane (cyanobacteria)

Tidal Friction

Tidal Friction

Time is Created -- General Relativity View

Time is Created -- Historic Christian view

Time is Created -- Platonic view

Time not wasted

Time: Role in Creation and Self-Limitation of God.

Timeline of the Universe (WMAP)

Timescale - Creation of the Elements in Stars

Timescale - Creation of the Elements in Stars

Tobacco Mosaic Virus

Topological Animal Growth

Transcription

Transfer RNA

Transmutation of Species (against Lamarckian view)

transparent universe

Trapezium

Tree Branching algorithm

Trenches

Trichophycus fossil burrows

Trilete Spores

Trilobite

Trilobite - changes in morphology

Trilobite (Extinct Phylum) (Early Cambrian)

Trilobite (Mid-Cambrian. Paradoxides, length 10"

Trilobite Anatomy

Trilobite Bodily systems

Trilobite Eye -- Evolution

Trilobites

Trilobites

Trilobites

Trilobites - Evidence for Evolutionary Development

Trilobites Early Cambrian Fossil

Trilogite Anatomy

Triple Alpha Process

Triple-Alpha Process

triploblastic

Trojan Asteroids

Tunicate (A-35) ):Lower Cambrian)

Tycho-2 Star Catalog

Type II Supernova Physics

Typical Eukaryotic Cell

Typical Eukaryotic Cell

Typical Mitochondrion

Ubiquitin

Universality of ATP Synthase (ATpase)

universe and the stars evolved with time

Ur

Uranium and Banded Iron Deposits

Van der Walls Force (London Dispersion Force)

Vascular plants

Vernal Equinox (Date of Easter)

Visibility of Deep Space

VLBA -- direct measurement of 23.5 million light-years to a galaxy (NGC 4258 = Messier 106) in the Big Bear constellation

VLBI (Very Long Baseline Interferometer - Measurement Accuracy

VLBI Positional Accuracy 10^-6 arcsec

VLLBI Radio interferometry - Direct msmt of distance by parallax

von Zittel, Karl Alfred History of Geology and Palæontology to the End of the Nineteenth Century (1901)

Walker, Christopher, Ed. "Astronomy Before the Telescope"

Walker, Christopher, Ed. Astronomy before the Telescop (1996)

Wallace, Alfred Russel, Man's Place in the Universe (1903)

Wallerstein, G., Synthesis of the elements in stars: forty years of progress (1997).

wandering stars

waters" in Genesis 1:1-6 = General undifferentiated fluid "stuff" of the cosmos

Wave representation of particle

Wavelength and light resolution

Weak intermolecular forces (Van der Walls & Hydrogen Bonding)

Wells, John W., Coral Growth and Geochronometry (1963)

What the Silent Speech Tells Us

Whirlpool Galaxy

Who, though he was in the form of God

Why bacteria and not archaea?

Why does animal life require oxygen?

Why I Cannot Accept Undirected Natural Evolution

Wiki: "Computational approaches to protein structure prediction have sought to identify and simulate the mechanism of protein folding, however these have been largely unsuccessful."

Wiki: "Eigen's paradox is one of the most intractable puzzles in the study of the origins of life."

Wikipedia, "A prototypic Hox gene cluster containing at least seven different Hox genes was present in the common ancestor of all bilaterian animals."

Wikipedia: "Computational approaches to protein structure prediction... have been largely unsuccessful."

William Smith

Winchell, "Nature advertised her plans in the very earliest creative acts … Nature had her plans, and these were mature in the very beginning."

Winchell, "Nature has always issued her bulletins."

Wisdom "The Lord possessed me at the beginning of his work, the first of his acts of old…"

WMAP - W i l k i n s o n M i c r o w a v e A n i s o t r o p y P r o b e

Wöhler, Friedrich, organic compound from inorganic material (1828)

wood is cellulose (for tensile strength) + lignin (for compression strength).

World Land Maps -- Cambrian

Xylem_and_Phloem

Year - Great: Return of Constellations (~25,600 yrs)

Year - Platonic: Return of Planets (~16.000 yrs)

zero net energy universe

zeta tauri

Zodiac

Zodiac

Zodiac Signs





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Revised December 25, 2011